A data tool from CSH that measures whether a racial and/or ethnic group’s representation in a particular public system is proportionate to, over or below their representation in the overall population (proportionality) and also allows for the examination of systematic differences between groups and geographies (disparities). Distinguishing the Racial Disparities and Disproportionality Index (RDDI) from...

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This fact sheet from the American Hospital Association introduces the ICD-10-CM “Z codes” that allow hospitals and other health settings to capture data on the social needs of their patient populations. Despite the availability and utility of these ICD-10-CM codes, hospitals have not widely adopted the use of Z codes. The fact sheet provides clarity...

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This tool from the American Hospital Association is designed to help hospitals and health systems facilitate sensitive conversations with patients about their nonmedical needs that may be a barrier to good health. It includes strategic considerations for implementing a screening program, tips for tailoring screenings to hospitals’ unique communities, case examples and a list of...

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This guide from West Health Institute and the University of California, Irvine details how to implement a social needs screening and referral program for older patients into clinical practice. It is intended for primary care providers serving older patients, but can also be applied to other clinical settings such as emergency departments. The interactive guide...

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